Degenerative disc disease generally occurs with age as the disc loses the water content bringing vertebrae closer together. The nerve opening in the spine becomes narrower and the disc doesn’t absorb the shocks as well during any kind of motion.
The degenerative disc can occur depending on the location of the affected discs.
Degenerative cervical spine: In Degenerative cervical spine disease the cervical spine (or neck) of the patient may experience stiffness and loss of motion in the neck. The condition may also strain the surrounding nerve roots, causing radiating symptoms like pain, numbness, weakness and tingling in the shoulders or arms.
Degenerative Thoracic spine: In degenerative thoracic spine the middle of the back and the level of the ribcage can cause pain around the site of the damaged disc. There may be also symptoms that are less obviously related to damaged discs, such as radiating pain or weakness that affects the legs.
Degenerative lumbar spine: The lumbar area is most commonly affected by degenerative disc disease, possibly because it supports weight and absorbs so many impacts throughout the lifespan. When the discs in this section of the spine are damaged, they can cause lower back pain. The degenerative lumbar spine may also effect nerve roots and may lead to sciatica in legs.
Some of the causes for degenerative disc disease could be enlisted as
- Abnormal micro motion instability
- Aging factor
- wear and tear
- poor posture
- incorrect body movements
The treatment of degenerative disc disease depends upon the severity of symptom. Some of the treatment includes.
- Non surgical treatment the non surgical treatment includes exercise and physical therapy , application of heat and ice or providing the right medication.
- Spinal fusion