Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for treating fractures. The fracture is caused by osteoporosis. Kyphoplasty is a surgical procedure used to treat a compression fracture of the spine.
In this treatment a small orthopedic balloon is guided through the hollow instrument into the vertebral body. The incision made is approximately 1 centimeter in length. Next two balloons are used, one on each side of the vertebral body, to give a good support to the bone as it moves back into position and increase the likelihood of deformity correction.
The balloons are now inflated in an attempt to raise the collapsed vertebral body and return it to its correct anatomical position. Due to Inflation of the balloons there is a cavity created inside the vertebra. Bone cement is then deposited into the cavity to stabilize the fracture.